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 更新时间:2023-06-03 03:30:43

1、【题目】People with disabilities comprise a large part of the population. It is estimated that over 35 million Americans have physical, mental, or other disabilities. About half of these disabilities are “developmental”, i. e. , they occur prior to the individual’s twenty-second birthday, often form genetic conditions, and are severe enough to effect three or more areas of development, such as mobility, communication, employment, etc. Most other disabilities are considered “adventitious”, i.e. , accidental or caused by outside forces.

Prior to the 20th century, only a small percentage of people with disabilities survived for long. Medical treatment for these disabilities was unavailable. Advancements in medicine and social services have created a climate in which people with disabilities can expert to have such basic needs as food, shelter, and medical treatment. Unfortunately, these basic are often not available. Civil liberties such as the right to vote, marry, get an education, and again employment have historically been denied on the basic of disability.

In recent decades, the disability rights movement has been organized to flight against these infringements (侵害) of civil rights. Congress responded by passing major legislation recognizing people with disabilities as protected class under civil rights statutes.

Still today, people with disabilities must fight to live their lives independently. It is estimated that more than half of qualified Americans with disabilities are unemployed, and a majority of those who do work are underemployed. About two-thirds live at or below the official poverty level.

Significant barriers, especially in transportation and public awareness, prevent disabled people from taking part in society. For example, while no longer prohibited by law from marrying, a person with no access to transportation is effectively excluded from community and social activities which might lead to the development of long-term relationships.

It will only be when public attitudes advance as far as laws are that disabled people will be fully able to take to their right place in society.

16. ”developmental” disability .

A. develops very slowly over time B. is caused forces

C. occurs in youth and affects development D. is getting more and more severe

17. Most disabled people used to die early because .

A. disabilities destroyed major bodily functions B. they were not very well looked after

C. medical techniques were not available D. they were too poor to get proper treatment

18. In the author’s opinion, to enable the disabled people to take their rightful place in society, .

A. more laws should be passed B. public attitudes should be changed

C. government should provide more aids D. more public facilities should be act up

19. Which of the following cannot be inferred from the passage?

A. Many disabled people may remain single for their whole life.

B. The public tends to look down upon the disabled people.

C. The disabled people feel inferior to those surrounding them.

D. Discriminatory (有差别的) laws prevent the disabled from mixing with others.

20. The best title for this passage might be .

A. Handicaps of People with Disabilities B. The Difficulties of the Disabled

C. The Causes for Disabilities D. Medical Treatments for Disabilities

Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题,每小题1分,共40分)

Directions: In this part there are forty incomplete sentences. Each sentence is followed by four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

21. It’s still early in the morning. There isn’t in the office.

A. anyone B. everyone C. nobody D. any people

22. is not known what they discussed in the meeting.

A. That B. He C. This D. It

23. Yhe sad news broke her and she has been gloomy ever since.

A. feelings B. emotions C. mind D. heart

24. He is much of a gentleman to fight.

A. so B. as C. very D. too

25. Not until this term to realize how important this subject is to his future career as a diplomat.

A. he began B. ha has begun C. did he begin D. that ha has begun

26. who would like to go on the trip should put their names on the list.

A. Those B. These C. Somebody D. The ones

27. A bottle weighs less after air is taken out, proves that air has weight.

A. we B. it C. which D. what

28. How long ?

A. you suppose did it last B. do you suppose it lasted

C. did you suppose it last D. you suppose it lasted

29. Smmith had some trouble the man’s accent.

A. to understand B. understanding C. for understanding D. with understanding

30. The next few days could be for the peace negotiation.

A. maximum B. practical C. critical D. urgent

31. He quite a lot when he was young.

A. used to travel B. used to traveling C. was used to travel D. would used to travel

32. You me your telephone number in case someone wants to contact you.

A. had better give B. had better given C. had better to give D. had better gave

33. Mary used to the room with Linda.

A. separate B. divide C. hold D. share

34. —Must we hand in our exercise-books now?

—No, you .

A. mustn’t B. don’t C. needn’t D. can’t

35. She pulled away from the window anyone should see them.

A. lest B. even though C. unless D. only if

36. Not a has been found so far that can help the police find the criminal.

A. fact B. clue C. symbol D. sign

37. She would make a teacher far superior the average.

A. over B. than C. beyond D. to

38. Radio is different from television in it sends and receives pictures.

A. which B. that C. what D. this

39. Tom and jack have returned but students of the group haven’t come back yet.

A. other B. the others C. others D. another

40. It half a year since we to study in this university.

A. is; come B. is; have come

C. has been; came D. has been; have come

41. The fact that something is cheap doesn’t mean it is of low quality.

A. necessarily B. especially C. essentially D. practically

42. They set off by car and the nearest town.

A. made for B. made after C. made out D. made to

43. Take this baggage and you can find enough room.

A. put it which B. put it in which

C. put it at where D. put it wherever

44. He doesn’t want that he’s going away.

A. . to be known B. him to be known

C. that to be known D. it to be known

45. The noise around was terrible, but I had to it.

A. keep away from B. keep up with C. live with D. live on

46. He that his guests were bored, although they were listening politely.

A. impressed B. sensed C. inferred D. identified

47. On Sundays I prefer at home to out.

A. to say; go B. stay; going C. staying; going D. staying; go

48. I’d like to write to him, but what’s the ? He never writes back.

A. significance B. business C. point D. purpose

49. There were opinions as to the best location for the new school.

A. disagreeing B. conflicting C. rejecting D. reverting

50. by the news of his father’s death, he could hardly utter a word.

A. To be stunned B. Stunned C. To stun D. Stunning

51. , we’d better make some changes in the plan.

A. That is the case B. That been the case

C. That to be the case D. That being the case

52. They have equipped the office with the business machines.

A. last B. latter C. latest D. later

53. The police found that George had still another of income.

A. origin B. source C. basis D. means

54. An open-minded teacher doesn’t always one single teaching method.

A. set aside B. take over C. take on D. stick to

55. Much to the student’s , the exam was postponed.

A. burden B. concern C. relief D. requirement

56. Children normally feel a lot of about their first day at school.

A. anxiety B. difference C. feelings D. trouble

57. The weather was hot that she decided to have the barber her hairstyle.

A. rather; to change B. so; change

C. much too; change D. too; changed

58. She meet her former instructor on the bus.

A. delighted to B. happened to C. pleased to D. tended to

59. Just as no two words are truly synonymous no two different expressions can mean exactly the same thing.

A. rather B. also C. yet D. so

60. The new engineer’s suggestions were in the revised plan.

A. entitled B. engaged C. embodied D. estimated


21-25 ADDDC

26-30 ACBBC

31-35 AADCA

36-40 BDBAC

41-45 AADDC

46-50 BCCBB

51-55 DCBDC

56-60 ABBDC



1、【题目】Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

Do you want to say what you think in a letter to the President of the United States? You’ll get a reply from him—written in ink, not typed—after only a few days.

The President gets about 4,000 letters every week. He answers everyone who writes to him on special Whites House paper. But he doesn’t need a lot of time for it. In fact, he only gives 20 minutes a week to look at his personal correspondence. He has the most modern secretary in the world to help him.

It’s computer, worth £ 800,000,which has its own rooms on the first floor of the White House. It has a bank of electronic pens which write like the President writes, in his favorite light blue ink. Each letter the President receives gets a number, according to the type of answer it needs. The pens then write the correct reply for it, according to the number. Each letter takes less than a second to write. A White House official said, “It’s not important that letters come from a computer. Each letter says what the President wants to say.”

1. for a reply from the President.

A. You have to wait a long time B. You only have to wait several days

C. You have to wait at least one month D. You only have to wait a few weeks

2. The reply from the President .

A. is always printed B. is always typed

C. is always written in ink D. is always written by himself

3. It takes the computer to write ten letters.

A. no more than ten seconds B. a little more than ten seconds

C. less than ten seconds D. at least one second

4. The computer can be described as .

A. expensive but efficient B. possessing a beautiful handwriting

C. heavy and inefficient D. the President’s most reliable secretary

5. It can be inferred from the passage that .

A. the President never reads any letters written to him by ordinary people

B. the President hires a very efficient secretary to deal with his correspondence

C. the President does not really care about the letters he receives every week

D. the President is assured that the computer express his views in the letters





1、【题目】Part I Reading Comprehension

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

In Washington D.C., 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue is a very special address. It is the address of the White House, the home of the president of the United States.

Originally the White House was gray and was called the Presidential Palace. It was built from 1792 to 1800. at this time, the city of Washington itself was being built; it was to be the nation’s new capital city. George Washington, the first president, and Pierre Charles L’Enfant, a French engineer, chose the place for the new city. L’Enfant then planned they city. The president’s home was an important part of the plan.

A contest was held to pick a design for the president’s home. An architect named James Hoban won. He designed a large three-story house of gray stone.

President Washington never lived in the President Palace. The first president to live there was John Adams, the second president of the United States, and his wife Mrs. Adams did not really like hew new house. In her letters, she often complained about the cold. Fifty fireplaces were not enough to keep the house warm!

In 1812 the United States and Britain went to war. In 1814 the British invaded Washington. Theu burned many buildings, including the Presidential Palace.

After the war James Hoban, the original architect, partially rebuilt the president’s homes. To cover the marks of the fire, the building was painted white. Before long it became known as the White House.

The White House is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the United States. Every year more than 1.5 million visitors go through the five rooms that are open to the public.

1. The White House was built in Washington .

A. because a French engineer was invited to design it

B. because President George Washington liked to live in it

C. because the British invaders lived in it in 1812-1814

D. because it was to be the nation’s capital city

2. The Presidential Palace was .

A. painted gray and white B. made of gray stone

C. made of white stone D. made very warm in winter

3. The president’s home and the city of Washington were .

A. built by the American army B. built by the British troops

C. planned by George Washington D. planned by the French

4. The original home of the president needed to be rebuilt .

A. because John Adam’s wife did not like it

B. because it was cold in winter even with 50 fireplaces

C. because it had burned down during the war

D. because George Washington was not willing to live in it

5. The new presidential home was painted white to .

A. cover the marks of fire B. attract tourist from France

C. to please Mrs. John Adams D. keep it warm in winter








他们就难免得出这样的结论, 马和骡子的数量会迅速减少。



1、【题目】Part IV Translation

Not many of the children offer their fathers some presents. But the American fathers still think they are much better fated than the fathers of many other countries, who have not even a day for their sake in name only. (Passage Three)













































1、【题目】Part IV Translation

To cover the marks of the fire, the building was painted white. Before long it became known as the White House. (Passage One)





1、【题目】Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

The cowboy is the hero of many movies,. He is, even today, a symbol of courage and adventure. But what was the life of the cowboy really like?

The cowboy’s job is clear from the word cowboy. Cowboy were men who took care of cows and other cattle. The cattle were in the West and in Texas. People in the cities of the East wanted beef these cattle. Trains could take the cattle east. But first the cattle had to get to the trains. Part of the cowboy’s job was to take the cattle hundreds of miles to the railroad town. The trips were called cattle drivers. A cattle drive usually took several months. Cowboys rode for sixteen hours a day. Because they rode so much, each cowboy brought along about eight horses. A cowboy changed horses several times each day.

The cowboys had to make sure that cattle arrived safely. Before starting on a drive, the cowboys branded the cattle. They burned a mark on the cattle to show who they belonged to. But these marks didn’t stop rustlers, or cattle thieves. Cowboys had to protect the cattle from rustlers. Rustlers made the dangerous trip even more dangerous.

Even though their work was very difficult and dangerous, cowboys did not earn much money. They were paid badly. Yet cowboys liked their way of life. They lived in a wild and open country. They lived a life of adventure and freedom.

11. A cowboy is a symbol of .

A. courage and adventure B. a hard life and big pay

C. movies in the past D. cows and other cattle

12. The cowboys’ job was .

A. to be a hero in real life B. to be a hero of the movie

C. to take care of cattle D. to be a dangerous rustler

13. During a cattle driver, cowboys took a group of cows from a wild and open country to .

A. the West states and Texas B. the cities of the East States

C. the people who eat beef in cities D. the railroad towns hundred miles away

14. On their way of cattle drivers, the cowboys protected the cattle by .

A. burning a mark on their cows B. keeping an eye on cattle thieves

C. making the trip more dangerous D. looking after eight cows each person

15. Cowboys enjoyed themselves because .

A. they liked their way of life B. they made a lot of money

C. they had a vary difficult job D. they were heroes in movies






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